Date of foundation of the YMCA: 1951
Full/Associate/Related Membership in the World Alliance of YMCAs: Related
Number of local Associations: 7
Number of total members and participants (all over the country): 10’790
Unique among African countries, the ancient Ethiopian monarchy maintained its freedom from colonial rule with the exception of a short-lived Italian occupation from 1936-41. In 1974, a military junta, the Derg, deposed Emperor Haile SELASSIE (who had ruled since 1930) and established a socialist state. Torn by bloody coups, uprisings, wide-scale drought, and massive refugee problems, the regime was finally toppled in 1991 by a coalition of rebel forces, the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF). A constitution was adopted in 1994, and Ethiopia’s first multiparty elections were held in 1995. A border war with Eritrea late in the 1990s ended with a peace treaty in December 2000. In November 2007, the Eritrea-Ethiopia Border Commission remotely demarcated the border by geographical coordinates, but final demarcation of the boundary on the ground is currently on hold because of Ethiopian objections to an international commission’s finding requiring it to surrender territory considered sensitive to Ethiopia.
Due to political climate, it is difficult to run civic advocacy, but YMCA has engaged local politicians on Agenda 2063. Their community action has involved clean-up campaigns, and work with orphans, vulnerable children and the elderly.
CIVIC COMPETENCE TRAINING
In 2015, the Ethiopia YMCA conducted Civic Competence training in which 760 people participated. The training was design to:
Orient youth towards healthy lifestyle choices that include supporting healthy activities, remaining drug free and avoiding harmless social activities.
To encourage youth responsibility in citizenship and supporting their ability to become politically and socially influential.
AFRICAN YOUTH DAY 2015
In African Youth Day, 1 November 2015, the Ethiopia YMCA conducted entertainment programmes, youth group discussions and discussed ways in which to engage with government in discussions around Agenda 2063 and the allocation of government youth spend towards the specific areas of: health; education; volunteerism, opportunities and capital; unemployment and underemployment.